How Do Sewage Pumps Function?

What is a Sewage Pump?

A sewage pump is a device that transports sewage liquids and solids from one location to another. Typically, sewage containing soft sediments up to 2″ in diameter is pumped from a sewage basin to a sewer system or a septic tank in residential applications. At the lowest point of the sewage basin, a sewage pump is built.

Because the pump is usually underwater, it is also known as a submersible sewage pump. Automatic, manual, or dual-mode sewage pumps are available. A piggyback plug on a dual mode pump allows it to be used as either manual (the pump bypasses the switch and is hooked directly into the socket) or automated (the pump is plugged in through the floating switch and functions only when the switch is triggered).

It is typically not recommended to utilise a manual sewage pump inside a sewage basin due to the risk of sewage overflow.

Sewage pumps are centrifugal pumps with a unique design that allows particles to pass through without blocking the pump. When you switch on the pump, the motor begins to rotate the impeller, producing pressure that forces water into the impeller and into the discharge pipe.

A 10-25 ft. electric line powers the sewage pump. The voltage might be 115, 230, 460, or 575 volts depending on the model. The pump housing, which houses the motor and impeller, is composed of cast iron and is designed for long-term usage.

Types of Sewage Pumps

Effluent Pumps – Effluent pumps are the most common pumps found in small on-site systems. They are intended to pump wastewater, which is effluent that flows from a septic tank. Because the sediments have settled in the septic tank, the effluent is a rather clear liquid. Because sewage particles are not present, effluent pumps may pump at higher volumes and with more efficiency than other types of sewage pumps.

Solid Handling Pumps – These pumps, sometimes known as sewage ejector pumps, are designed to pump raw sewage. Because raw sewage includes too many particles for conventional pumps, only solids-handling pumps should be utilised for pumping raw sewage.

Grinder Pumps – A grinder pump functions similarly to a solid-handling pump. It is capable of pumping raw sewage. The grinder pump, like waste grinders, contains revolving blades that cut and grind the solids into small bits before the sewage is pumped.

Benefits of Sewage Pumps

A sewage pump is intended to extract water from basements and crawlspaces and securely discharge it via a house’s waste water system. A sump pump’s operation is straightforward, but its installation is more difficult.

Major Benefits of Having a Sewage Pump

Prevent flooding damage – When severe rains cause a flood of water into your basement, 15 inches of flood water may swiftly cover the floor and ruin practically everything within, which can be especially disastrous if you store important goods in the basement. This calamity is readily avoidable with a running sump pump.

Reduce the threat of mould and mildew – Constant dampness within a basement from water in stagnant pools contributes to mould and mildew growth. These are not only harmful to construction materials, but they are also hazardous to one’s health.

Reduce the chance of a fire – The water will short-circuit the basement appliances, such as laundry machines, water heaters, and heating systems. Water, in addition to destroying these precious items, can also provide a fire hazard. A sump pump will protect water from endangering equipment and causing home fires.

Maintenance and Repairs

  • Check to see if a ground fault circuit interrupter is present at the outlet or in the electrical panel. To validate proper ground-fault protection, press the unit’s test button.
  • Take off the lid. There are three varieties of lids, each with a slightly different manner of removal.
  • Examine the pit for silt or debris that might block the pump impeller or discharge tube or impede the float.
  • Make certain that the float that switches it on and off travels freely and is not impeded by sump walls, discharge pipes, or other items.
  • Examine the drain from the pump until it reaches the air gap for evidence of corrosion, holes, damage, or leaks.
  • Look for a little 3/16 to 3/8 inch weep hole right above it in the discharge pipe.
  • Visually examine for corrosion all alarm mechanisms (if applicable), exposed metal parts, and connections. To prevent rusting, use a silicone water repellent spray. To apply silicone spray, follow the manufacturer’s directions.
  • Ensure that a check valve is installed on the drain line directly above the pump lid. If there is no check valve, contact a qualified plumber to instal one.
  • Check that the air gap between the interior and outside discharge pipes is open and free of debris.

To Conclude

Pumping station facilities include pumps and equipment for moving fluids from one location to another. They are employed in a number of infrastructure systems, including as delivering water to canals and transporting sewage to a treatment facility. This station in the sewage collecting system, also known as a lift station, is designed to handle raw sewage from subterranean pipes.

Businesses might profit from adopting sewage pumps since they can manage large amounts of water in a short period of time. It is more cost effective to use a sewage pump to manage undesired water and wet waste.

Find out how sewage pumps operate and how they might benefit your business by talking to our professional plumbers at SWR Plumbing.